ThePopular event sites spirit of enrollment school implements the spirit of the Central Economic Work Conference, pay close attention to the implementation of high -quality development
The Party Group of the National Development and Reform Commission of the Communist Party of China
General Secretary Xi Jinping comprehensively summarized the economic work in 2023 at the Central Economic Work Conference, and deeply analyzed the current situation at home and abroad. The system deployed the main goals and tasks of economic and social development in 2024.EssenceWe must thoroughly study and implement the spirit of the Central Economic Work Conference, unify our minds and actions into the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech and the decision -making deployment of the Party Central Committee, and do a good job in various economic and social development work.
1. Comprehensively look at the progress achievement of my country's economic and social development
In 2023, my country's external environment became chaotic, and the complexity and challenges of economic work have not been.Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, my country has hosted external pressure, overcomes internal difficulties, has risen economic operations, and advances high -quality development.
The main indicators of the macroeconomic are running smoothly.In the first three quarters, my country's GDP increased by 5.2%year -on -year, showing a low, medium, high, and stable trend. The growth rate is among the forefront of major global economies, contributing to more than 30%of the actual growth of global economic economic, and is still the largest engine of global growth.The employment price is basically stable. In the first 11 months, the average unemployment rate in urban survey was 5.2%, which was 0.4 percentage points lower than 2022. The consumer price of residents rose 0.3%, which was in stark comparison with the high inflation of other major economies in the world.The international revenue and expenditure is basically balanced, and the scale of foreign exchange reserves is stable at more than $ 3 trillion.The role of domestic demand was further enhanced, and the contribution rate of final consumption expenditure to economic growth reached 83.2%.
Important progress has been made in the construction of a modern industrial system.Highlighting is stable, secondary production, and fast three production, the structure is optimized, and the trend is better.The agricultural production situation is good. The total food output of the year is 1390.82 billion kg, which has reached a record high, and it has remained at more than 1.3 trillion kg for nine consecutive years.Industrial production has steadily recovered. In the first 11 months, the added value of industries above designated size increased by 4.3%year -on -year, of which the manufacturing industry increased by 4.7%. The value -added of the electrical machinery and the automotive industry has achieved double -digit growth.At about 9.4 million vehicles, the export of cars is expected to exceed 5 million vehicles, becoming the largest country of automobile exports.The service industry has a strong role in economic growth support. In the first three quarters, the added value of the service industry increased by 6%year -on -year, and the contribution rate to economic growth was 63%.
Scientific and technological innovation has achieved new breakthroughs.The major scientific and technological innovation report frequently spreads, the Shenzhou 16 manned spacecraft returned smoothly, Shenzhou 17 successfully launched, C919 large passenger aircraft realized commercial operations and entered the stage of industrialization development.The first fourth -generation nuclear power plant was officially put into commercial operation.New kinetic energy has accelerated growth and growth, and key core technologies in the fields of integrated circuits, high -end chips, instruments and equipment and other fields have been promoted solidly, and emerging industries such as new energy, artificial intelligence, and biomedicine have accelerated.
The reform and opening up is promoted in depth.The reform of key areas and key links has continued to deepen, the quality and efficiency of state -owned enterprises have continued to improve, the development of the private economy has effectively stimulated, accelerating the construction of a unified market in the country, continuously promoting the relaxation of market access, and the optimal foreign trade structure.The total imports and exports of cargo for RMB were flat, and the exports of new superior products increased rapidly. In the first 11 months, the exports of electric carrier -loaded vehicles, lithium -ion batteries, and solar cells increased by 41.7%.A number of foreign iconic projects landed, and the actual use of foreign investment was basically stable based on the historical high of 2022. Among them, the actual use of foreign investment in high -tech manufacturing industry increased by 9.5%.The high -quality co -construction of the “Belt and Road” has been promoted solid. The Yawan high -speed rail was officially opened. In the first 11 months, the China -Europe trains have opened a total of 16,000 columns and shipped 1.75 million tons of goods, an increase of 6%and 17%year -on -year.Hainan Free Trade Port has accelerated the pace of institutional openness, and the negative list of foreign investment access and negative lists of cross -border service trade was issued.
The coordinated development of urban and rural areas has continued to deepen.The major regional strategy is implemented in depth. The engine driving effects of the three major power sources of Beijing, Tianjin -Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Guangdong -Hong Kong -Macao Greater Bay Area have been strengthened. The economic benefits of large -scale economic benefits, the gathering of innovation elements, the construction of talent highlands, and the development of open development.The key role of key functional areas such as the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the Yellow River Basin has further played, and the quality of ecological environment has been significantly improved.The Xiong'an New District enters the stage of integrating large -scale construction and undertaking Beijing's non -capital functions.The balance of development of the regional sector has been further enhanced, and the policy system that supports the development of the western development, the revitalization of the Northeast, the rise of the central region, and the first development of the eastern region continues to improve. The comparative advantages of various regions have further played, and the regional economic layout has become more optimized.The citizenization of agricultural metastasis has continued to advance, and the strategy of new urbanization strategies has been implemented in depth.Consolidate the results of the results of poverty alleviation and the effective connection with the revitalization of the countryside, and the construction of livable, livable, and beautiful villages has been accelerated.
Minsheng protection is strong and effective.Residents' income has steadily increased, and the per capita disposable income of residents in the first three quarters actually increased by 5.9%.The basic public service system has continued to improve, the coverage of social insurance has steadily expanded, and the level of protection has been further improved.The governance of ecological environment has continued to strengthen. In the first 11 months, the average PM2.5 concentration of PM2.5 in cities and above in the first 11 months did not exceed 30 micrograms/cubic meter; the proportion of water quality sections Ⅰ -Ⅲ was 87.8%, an increase of 0.6 percentage points year -on -year.Carbon peak carbon neutrality and orderly advance, renewable energy power generation machine accounts for more than 50%, which is historically exceeding coal power.
The foundation of safety development consolidates and consolidates.Efforts will be made to prevent and resolve risks and challenges in key areas, and strive to achieve high -quality development and high -level safety and healthy interaction.The protection of cultivated land has continued to strengthen, and the amount of people's livelihood products such as food is stable.Energy and minerals are strongly guaranteed, and the energy supply is generally stable during the use of energy peaks.Major technical equipment research projects have been solidly advanced, and the impact capacity of the industrial chain supply chain has continued to increase.The data basic system system is initially constructed, and data security capabilities have been continuously improved.
In general, in 2023, my country's economy hosted the risk challenges from the outside and the domestic downward pressure. The main expected goals of economic and social development are successfully realized, especially the economic transformation and upgrading. EssenceThe achievement of such achievements is the result of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core and the result of strong leadership. It is the result of insisting on the use of Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics and scientific guidance.The result of consistent and unremitting struggle.
2. Accurately grasp the situation and trend facing my country's economic development
In summary, the favorable conditions faced by my country's development are stronger than the unfavorable factors, and the basic trend of the economic recovery and long -term improvement has not changed.We must deeply understand and comprehensively understand, not only strengthen the awareness of worry, face -to -face problems and challenges, but also strengthen confidence and confidence, and fully understand the toughness and potential of my country's economic development.
On the one hand, external risk challenges have increased.The increase in geopolitical risks has brought external uncertainty. The supply of international crude oil natural gas may be further tense. The price of the commodity market has intensified, which has a adverse effect on the world economy and inflation trend, and puts pressure on my country's security resources.The global economic growth momentum is insufficient. The International Monetary Fund predicts that the world economy will increase by 3%in 2023, and the increase of 2.9%in 2024, which is significantly lower than the average level of 3.8%before the epidemic (2000-2019).The global financial market risks have continued to accumulate, and the scale of government debt in some developed economies has reached a record high. The level of interest rates continued to raise interest rates to historical highs.Revenue and expenditure crisis and sovereign debt crisis.The global industrial chain supply chain has accelerated the adjustment and reconstruction. The localization and regional development of the global industrial chain supply chain will become more obvious. The regional value chain system has accelerated. my country's global industrial chain supply chain status is facing the risk of weakening.
On the other hand, domestic cyclical and structural contradictions coexist.Insufficient effective demand, there are still more uncertainty in the recovery of external demand, and the pressure of stable exports is greater; residents' employment income is weak and consumer capacity is suppressed; investment growth is restricted, real estate development investment is declining, and subsequent investment will continuePress.In some industries, there are overcapacity, and there are repeated construction in some areas. They are affected by insufficient orders, high inventory, and high costs.There are still many hidden risks in some fields, and there are hidden risks in the hidden debt of local governments in local regions; the possibility of cross -borders, cross -market, and cross -domain transmission in individual industries is significantly enhanced., Property market fluctuations.There is a blocking point in the large domestic cycle, and the institutional type is still open. The hidden barriers of the construction of a unified market in the country still need to be eliminated, and the orderly flow of elements is still restricted.
At the same time, we must see that we are facing problems in advance and troubles in development. my country's development still has a good support foundation and many favorable conditions.
Political guarantee is strong."Two establishments" are the greatest certainty, maximum base gas, and maximum guarantee for us to overcome all difficult and dangerous obstacles, cope with all uncertainty.On the way forward, adhere to the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and adhere to the scientific guidance of Xi Jinping's new era of socialist ideas with Chinese characteristics in the new era, we will definitely bring together the majestic and powerful power of all people, the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nationThe historical process is unstoppable.
The advantages of the system are increasingly highlighted.Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has continued to write the two major miracles of economic development and long -term stability in society. The modernization level of the national governance system and governance capacity has continued to improve.In the context of complex and severe external environment, the system advantage of socialist concentration forces to do major events has continued to appear, and the high -level socialist market economy system has continued to improve. my country's economy shows the strong toughness of risks and the test of testing. Strong motivation for development.
The material foundation is more solid.my country has the world's most complete industrial system. The value -added of the manufacturing industry accounts for about 30%of the global manufacturing added value. It has ranked first in the world for many years. Essencemy country has built the world's largest high -speed railway network, highway network, and world -class port groups, the largest and technological 5G networks in the world, and the advantages of massive data resources and rich application scenarios. And accelerate the growth of emerging industries.
Development vitality is constantly increasing.my country has more than 1.4 billion population and more than 4.00 million middle -income groups. It is a market with large -scale and most growth potential in the world. Households, food, food, housing, housing and transportation, and spiritual and cultural needs are huge. There is still a lot of space that promoting the coordinated development of new industrialization and new urbanization will also be injecting vitality for demand.Using the thinking of reform and innovation, and using the complete advantages of the large -scale market and industrial system, the potential and vitality of my country's economic growth will be continuously released.
The regulatory policy space is large.Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, in the practice of a series of difficulties and challenges, my country's macro -control experience has become more abundant, the system is more complete, and the means are more sufficient.my country's government debt level is significantly lower than that of major world economies, and the level of inflation has maintained a low level in recent years, and has a full space for implementing active fiscal policies and stable monetary policy.At the same time, my country's savings rate is much higher than the world average, providing a solid foundation for further expanding investment.
In short, the strategic opportunities and risk challenges facing the development of my country's development coexist, overall opportunities are greater than challenges.Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, we have confidence, ability, condition, and confidence, and continuously promote the continuous improvement of the economic structure, the continuous enhancement of the growth momentum, and the continuous development of the development trend.
Third, profound understanding of the regular understanding of economic work in the new era
At the Central Economic Work Conference, General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly proposed the "five must", which reflects the conservation and innovation of the development of development, and further enriched and developed Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics.The economic work in the new era and the comprehensive promotion of Chinese -style modernization with high -quality development have significant and profound guiding significance.
Deeply understanding must adhere to high -quality development as the hard -headed reason for the new era, complete, accurate, and comprehensively implement the new development concept, and promote the effective improvement of the economy and the reasonable growth of the amount.Development is the key to solving all problems in China, and it is also the first priority of the Communist Party of China.my country is at a critical stage of transforming the development mode. The new mission tasks and development environment put forward higher and more urgent requirements for economic development.Only by continuously improving the quality of economic development and strengthening economic strength can we continuously meet the people's growing needs of a better life, can fully highlight the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and firmly grasp the strategic initiative in the accelerated evolution of the world's 100 -year change bureau.In the new journey, we must firmly grasp the primary task of high -quality development to ensure the completion of the goal tasks of comprehensively building socialist modernization.
Deep understanding must adhere to deepening supply -side structural reforms and efforts to expand effective demand coordinated efforts, exert the advantages of oversized markets and strong production capacity, so that domestic large cycles are based on the initiative of domestic demand and improve the quality and level of international cycle.Supply and demand is the integrated two sides of economic development, and it is also an important focus of the effective improvement of the economic achievement and the reasonable growth of quantity.The more you face complex situations and uncertain factors, the more we must adhere to the systemic concept, better overall supply side and demand side, continuously cultivate new productivity, continuously expand the release of new potential for consumption, and unblock in promoting the dual upgrade process of supply and demand.Economic cycle.In the new journey, we must further deepen the understanding of economic laws, coordinate the promotion of expanding domestic demand and optimizing supply, to open the breakpoint of the two -combined point card, enhance the endogenous power and reliability of the large domestic cycle, form consumption and investmentThe virtuous cycle of mutual promotion has promoted the continuous rise of the economy and long -term improvement.
Deeply understanding must be relying on reform and opening up to enhance the internal vitality of development, coordinate the promotion of deep reforms and high levels of opening up, continuously liberate and develop social productivity, stimulate and enhance social vitality.Reform and opening up is a key move to determine the future and fate of contemporary China, and it is an important magic weapon for China to catch up with the times.Further comprehensively deepen reform and continuously improve the socialist market economy system, it is a strong driving force for promoting high -quality development and accelerating Chinese -style modernization.Deepening high levels of opening up, especially institutional openness, is not only the need to build a new advantage of international economic cooperation and competition, but also actively actively as a need for a great country's responsibility and making contributions to China for global economic governance.In the new journey, we must promote market -oriented reforms with greater determination and efforts, expand high levels of opening up, and continuously enhance the dynamic vitality of Chinese -style modernization.
Deeply understand the high -quality development and high -level safety and healthy interaction, promote high -level safety with high -quality development, and ensure high -quality development at high level security. Development and security must dynamically balance and complement each other.Development is the foundation of safety, security is the prerequisite for development, and development and security are two wings and two -wheel wheels.Adhering to the development and security, strengthening the awareness of anxiety, and being dangerous, it is a major principle of our party's governing the country.Faced with various predictable and unpredictable risk challenges, it is necessary to continuously strengthen the material technology foundation through high -quality development, enhance the maintenance of national security capabilities, but also create a favorable environment for high -quality development through high -level security.stability.In the new journey, the overall national security concept must be implemented, and the survival, competitiveness, development, and sustainability of our country must be continuously enhanced to ensure the smooth progress of the great rejuvenation process of the Chinese nation.
Deeply understanding must promote the modernization of Chinese -style as the largest politics. Under the unified leadership of the party, unite the most vast people, focus on the first task of economic construction and high -quality development, and change the Chinese -style modern and magnificent blueprint step by step.Beautiful reality.Chinese -style modernization is the modernization of Chinese characteristics and in line with the actualization of China. It is the most concentrated and specific manifestation of the construction of a strong country with Chinese -style modernization and the great cause of national rejuvenation.It is the biggest political.In the new journey, we must closely unite around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, firmly grasp the task and task of promoting the modernization of Chinese -style modernization, and determine that the green mountains will not relax, roll up their sleeves to work hard, and continue to create a new historical great cause.
Fourth, effectively and effectively promote the implementation of the decision -making and deployment of the Party Central Committee
The Central Economic Work Conference clarified the overall requirements and policy orientation of economic work in 2024. The system has deployed 9 key tasks in aspects, emphasizing that it is necessary to adhere to the stability, promotion, stability, and break first.Faced with the new situation and new requirements, we must always maintain the spirit of entrepreneurship and forge ahead.See practical results.
Strengthen economic analysis and policy research, consolidate and enhance the continuous recovery of the economy to a good trend.Strengthen economic monitoring prediction and early warning and policy pre -research reserves, promote the innovation and coordination of policy tools, increase macro -control efforts, and strengthen macro policies against cycles and cross -cycle regulation.Strengthen the consistency of macro policy orientation, and strengthen the coordination and cooperation of fiscal, currency, employment, industry, investment, consumption, price, region, science and technology, environmental protection and other policies, and incorporate non -economic policies into the assessment of the consistency of macro policy orientation to ensure that the same direction is exertion.Formation forces.Strengthen the evaluation and supervision of major strategic planning, major policies, major reforms, and major projects, and give full play to effectiveness.Do a good job in the interpretation of the economic situation and policy propaganda, respond to market attention and social hotspots in time, and tell the story of China's economic development.
Give play to the guidance of medium and long -term planning and annual planning, and effectively promote the effective implementation of major national strategic deployment.Combined with the mid -term assessment to promote the implementation of the "Fourteenth Five -Year Plan" plan, the study proposed the basic ideas of economic and social development of the "15th Five -Year Plan".Prepare the implementation of the annual plan, and actively promote major strategic work of major strategic annual key tasks such as regional coordinated development, new urbanization, and rural revitalization.Put the agricultural transfer population citizen to a more prominent position, coordinate the reform of the household registration system and the equalization of urban basic public services, and promote the comprehensive integration of the agricultural transfer population into the city.The new type of urbanization and comprehensive rejuvenation of the countryside are organically combined to promote the two -way flow of various elements and form a new pattern of integration and development of urban and rural areas.Promote the coordinated development of new industrialized urbanization, and rely on the construction of urban agglomerations and urban areas to build a coordinated development pattern of large and medium -sized cities.Promote the reconstruction of old and old communities in cities and towns, accelerate the construction of villages in the city, affordable housing, and public infrastructure such as "flat -halo" public infrastructure, and create livable, tough, and smart cities.
To strengthen the construction of various funds to strengthen the project construction, better play the key role of effective investment.The efficiency of the efficiency is to make a good use of government investment in 2023, which has issued 1 trillion yuan, investment in the central budget, and special bonds in local governments, and supports transportation infrastructure, energy, agricultural and forestry water conservancy, regional coordinated development, modern industrial system, key core technology research, and key core technologies.New infrastructure, energy conservation, emission reduction and carbon reduction, post -disaster recovery and reconstruction and improvement of disaster prevention and disaster relief capabilities, safety capacity building, etc. In accordance with "funds follow the project", strictly use funding supervision, and further improve the effectiveness of investment accuracy.Stimulate private investment, establish a push mechanism for normalized projects in key industries, promote the implementation of new mechanisms for government and social capital cooperation, and encourage more private capital to participate in major national engineering projects and complement shortcomings.Strengthen project planning reserves, and continue to reserve a number of high -quality projects that are both favorable and long -term.Strengthen project land, use sea, environmental assessment and other elements, and promote the formation of physical workload as soon as possible.At the same time, better overall consumption and investment, promote the continuous expansion of consumption, promote green and intelligent consumption, create new consumption scenarios, cultivate more new hotspots of new consumption formats, increase the effective supply of services such as education, medical care, "one old and one small" and other fields, Improve the quality of supply.
Comprehensively deepen reform and opening up, strengthen innovation -driven, and continue to stimulate economic development dynamic vitality.Resolutely implement the "two unshakables", deepen the reform of state -owned enterprises and state -owned enterprises, promote the development and growth of the private economy., Private enterprises dare to break through, foreign companies dare to vote.Accelerate the construction of a large unified market in the country, focus on eliminating various forms of local protection and market division, effectively reduce the cost of logistics in the whole society, implement the improvement of the business environment improvement and improvement, and do a good job of prominent issues in the field of investment promotion.Construction of a new and open economic system, implement the eight actions of high -quality co -construction of the "Belt and Road", coordinate and promote major iconic projects and "small and beautiful" people's livelihood projects, and improve the development level of China -Europe trains.Consolidate the basic market for foreign trade, promote the high -quality development of the Pilot Free Trade Zone, accelerate the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port, implement the restrictions on foreign investment access in the manufacturing industry in a comprehensive cancellation of foreign investment in the manufacturing industry, and continue to promote the expansion of the service industry.Accelerate the conversion of new and old kinetic energy, vigorously promote new industrialization, develop the digital economy, further implement the development of national strategic emerging industrial clusters, cultivate and strengthen future industries, promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, and lead the construction of a modern industrial system with scientific and technological innovation.